Vol. 19 Núm. 3 (2017)
Artículo de revisión

Influencia de la melatonina sobre la fisiología y la conducta de ungulados

Lina María Correa
Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile
José Luis Riveros F.
Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile

Publicado 2017-09-27

Palabras clave

  • Ungulados,
  • Conducta,
  • Fisiología,
  • Melatonina

Cómo citar

Correa, L. M. . ., & Riveros F., J. L. . . (2017). Influencia de la melatonina sobre la fisiología y la conducta de ungulados. Revista De Investigaciones Altoandinas, 19(3), 337–350. https://doi.org/10.18271/ria.2017.298

Resumen

Los cambios fisiológicos y conductuales en ungulados son una respuesta adaptativa frente a los cambios ambientales. El reloj biológico endógeno de cada individuo le permite al animal producir estos cambios en respuesta a fluctuaciones ambientales, siendo la luz el factor principal que module estos procesos, representada por variaciones en la concentración de melatonina. La presente revisión describe y contextualiza la traducción de la señal lumínica en variaciones en la concentración hormonal en ungulados. Describe el mecanismo como el fotoperiodo modifica procesos fisiológicos como la reproducción, aspectos físicos y conductuales, y la participación de los genes en el desarrollo del reloj biológico. El conocer la biología de los mecanismos que modulan los cambios fisiológicos y comportamentales en los ungulados facilita el manejo de los animales, en especial de aquellas especies donde el manejo es clave a nivel productivo y/o a nivel de conservación.

 

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